Tomáš Flouri, Costas S. Iliopoulos, Tomasz Kociumaka, Solon P. Pissis, Simon J. Puglisi, William F. Smyth and Wojciech Tyczyński
New and Efficient Approaches to the Quasiperiodic Characterisation of a String
Abstract: |
A factor u of a string y is a cover of y if every letter of y lies within some occurrence of u in y; thus every cover u is also a border – both prefix and suffix – of y. A string y covered by u thus generalises the idea of a repetition; that is, a string composed of exact concatenations of u. Even though a string is coverable somewhat more frequently than it is a repetition, still a string that can be covered by a single u is rare. As a result, seeking to find a more generally applicable and descriptive notion of cover, many articles were written on the computation of a minimum k-cover of y; that is, the minimum cardinality set of strings of length k that collectively cover y. Unfortunately, this computation turns out to be NP-hard. Therefore, in this article, we propose new, simple, easily-computed, and widely applicable notions of string covering that provide an intuitive and useful characterisation of a string and its prefixes: the enhanced cover and the enhanced cover array. |
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