Prague Stringology Conference 2017

Szymon Grabowski and Tomasz Kowalski

Faster Batched Range Minimum Queries

Abstract:
Range Minimum Query (RMQ) is an important building brick of many compressed data structures and string matching algorithms. Although this problem is essentially solved in theory, with sophisticated data structures allowing for constant time queries, there are scenarios in which the number of queries, q, is rather small and given beforehand, which encourages to use a simpler approach. A recent work by Alzamel et al. starts with contracting the input array to a much shorter one, with its size proportional to q. In this work, we build upon their solution, speeding up handling small batches of queries by a factor of 3.8--7.8 (the gap grows with q). The key idea that helped us achieve this advantage is adapting the well-known Sparse Table technique to work on blocks, with speculative block minima comparisons. We also propose an even much faster (but possibly using more space) variant without the array contraction.

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